Cunningham Site: An Early Late Woodland Occupation in the American
Bottom (Madison County, Illinois).
Edited by Michael C. Meinkoth, Kristin Hedman, and Dale McElrath
Transportation Archaeological Research Reports,
ISBN 1-930487-02-9, 338 pages
investigations were undertaken in 1992-93 at the location of the
proposed Glendale Gardens Upland Reservoir in Madison County,
Illinois. Subsequent testing and mitigation resulted in the identification
of two major archaeological sites to be impacted, the Vaughn Branch
site and the Cunningham site.
concerns the results of investigations at the Cunningham site.
The site contained over 100 features, including at least four
domestic structures. All features encountered were excavated in
their entirety. The recovered materials include significant ceramic,
lithic, floral, and faunal remains.
The site is
interpreted as a single-component early Late Woodland occupation
dating to A.D. 400-500, based on ceramic and lithic comparisons
with other sites and several radiocarbon determinations. The results
of analysis of recovered materials is presented, and the site
is evaluated in terms of the insight it provides regarding local,
regional, and greater Midwestern prehistory.